How to become IAS officer?

UPSC conducts civil services examination through which IAS, IPS, IRS, IFS,  IRTS and several other posts are filled up.

How to appear for UPSC civil services examination?

UPSC publishes each year the advertisement in its website along with leading newspapers and employment news. The forms are to be filled online and the fees to be paid. The candidates have to chose one of the optional for mains examination and also chose the center for the examination.

When the notification for the UPSC Civil Services Examination is displayed?

It appears in the month of January each year in employment news, all leading newspapers, the website

Which are the stages of examination?

The examination is conducted in three stages. First stage is preliminary exam conducted in the month of June, having  two papers called Civil Services Aptitude Test ( CSAT) paper 1and 2. Second stage is called mains examination having nine papers out of which two are only qualifying. Third stage is personality test and carried out in the month of March and April each year

Which are the papers in mains examination?

In mains examination, all nine papers are subjective and consists of English, Indian Language, Essay(200marks), General Studies paper I to IV(250marks each), optional papers I and II(250 marks each). Interview is of 275 marks.

Which are optional subjects out of which we have to choose any one optional in mains examination?

Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and veterinary science, Anthropology, Botany, Chemistry, Civil Engineering, Commerce and accountancy, economics, Electrical Engineering, Geology, History, Law, Management, Mathematics, Mechanical Engineering, Medical Science, Philosophy, Physics, Political Science and International Relations, Psychology, Public Administration, Sociology, Statistics, Zoology, Literature of any one of the following language:   Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, English.

Can one write papers in Hindi or regional language?


What is the educational qualification to appear for this examination?

Graduation of any of the university incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or any other educational institution established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University under Section-3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, or possess an equivalent qualification  is the minimum criteria for the examination.

Can engineering or medical students appear for UPSC examination?

Yes engineering and medical or any other professional discipline students also can appear for this examination.

Is it possible to appear for this examination while the aspirant is in final year of graduation?

Yes, the candidates should receive the completion of graduation certificate by October of that year.

Is there any negative marking in the CSAT or preliminary examination?

Yes for wrong answer, one third marks are deducted. For each question for which a wrong answer has been given by the candidate,  one-third (0.33) of the marks assigned to that question will be deducted as penalty.

Are engineering and medical students eligible to apply for this examination?

Yes. Any graduate in any discipline are eligible to apply for this examination.

Which are the different posts which are filled through UPSC civil services examination?

Indian Administrative   (IAS), Indian Police Service , Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Revenue Service(IRS), Indian Revenue Service(Central Excise and Customs), Indian Audit and Accounts  Service  (IAAS ), Indian Railway traffic Service (IRTS ), Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS ), Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS), Indian Defence Estate Service (IDES), Indian Ordinance Factory Service, and several other services are filled through UPSC Civil Service Examination.

How posts are allotted to the successful aspirants?

The candidates are allotted various posts according to their final rank and their choice. 

How to apply for IAS examination?

Forms for IAS IPS IRS are to be filled online by going to the website of UPSC  after paying the requisite fee. A candidate has to fill the online application within 3 three weeks to one month. 

What happens if the candidate files multiple online applications?

UPSC accepts one application form and ignores all other. So the candidates are advised not to fill multiple forms online.

Can a candidate change his/her Community Status?

Answer - A candidate is eligible to get the benefit of community reservation if his/her caste/tribe is included in the reserved community as may be determined by the Central Government. The Commission does not entertain a  request for change of community from unreserved to reserved category once  the examination process is initiated. However, in some exceptional cases  where a particular caste/tribe is included in the list of reserved community  within 2-3 months from the date of submission of application, the Commission  may consider a request of change of community as a special case. If a candidate unfortunately becomes physically challenged during the course of the examination process, his/her request for moving from physically able to  physically disabled category can be considered by the Commission as a special dispensation based on a proper certificate furnished by the candidate 

When are the e-Admit cards issued?

The eligible candidates shall be issued an e-Admission Certificat e around three weeks to four weeks before the commencement of the examination. The e-Admission Certificate will be made available on the UPSC website [] for downloading by candidates.  Admission  Certificate will not be sent by post.  If a candidate does not receive his/her e-Admission Certificate or any other communication regarding his/her candidature for the examination around three

weeks before the commencement of the examination, he/she should

immediately contact the Commission. Information in this regard can also be obtained from the Facilitation Counter located in the Commission’s Office  either in person or over phone Nos. 011-23381125/011- 23385271/011- 23098543 

Is an attempt at the Civil Service (Preliminary) Examination (CSP) counted as an attempt at the Civil Service Examination (CSE)?

Yes even if the candidate has appeared for both or any one paper. 

If I fill up the form and does appear/attend for the examination, does it count to one attempt?


What is the duration of each paper in preliminary examination?

Each paper will be of two hours duration

What if the candidate gives more than one answer?

If a candidate gives more than one answer, it will be treated as a


wrong answer even if one of the given answers happen to be correct and there will be same penalty as above for that question. 

Is there negative mark penalty if the candidate hasn’t given any answer for a question?

If a question is left blank, i.e. no answer is given by the candidate; there will be no penalty for that question. 

What are the eligibility criteria in terms of physical requirements/ functional classification required for a Service/ Post?

The physically disabled candidates shall also be required to meet special eligibility criteria in terms of physical requirements/functional  classification (abilities/disabilities) consistent with requirements of the identified Service/Post as may be prescribed by its Cadre Controlling Authorities. The

details of physical requirement and functional classification are given in the


Rules of Examination. 

What information should be given by persons already in Government service to their Head of Office?

Persons already in Government Service, whether in a permanent or

temporary capacity or as work charged employees other than casual or daily


rated employees or those serving under the Public Sector Enterprises arerequired to submit an undertaking that they have informed their Head of

Office/Department, in writing, that they have applied for the Examination.

Candidates should note that in case a communication is received from their

employer, by the Commission, withholding permission to the candidates

applying for/appearing in the examination, their application will be liable to be rejected/candidature will be liable to be cancelled. 

Can a candidate choose an optional subject, which he has not studied at graduate/post graduate level?


Can a candidate write mains examination in Hindi?

yes, the candidate can write the mains examination in Hindi medium.

Can a candidate appear in mains examination with more than one language?

: No. Once a medium is chosen, the candidate has to write in that medium only. For all the papers of the mains examination, there can be only one medium.

Can a candidate write the Civil Service (Main) Examination in English and take the interview in Hindi or any other Indian language?

The candidates, opting for Indian Language medium for the written

part of the Civil Services (Main) Examination may choose either the same Indian Language or English or Hindi as the medium for the interview.

The candidates, opting to write the Civil Services (Main) Examination in English, may choose either English or Hindi or any other Indian Language opted by them for the compulsory Indian Language Paper in the written part of the Civil Services (Main) Examination, as the medium for interview. The candidate has to indicate the language medium of their interview at the time of  filling up of the Detailed Application Form (DAF). However, the candidates, who are exempted from the compulsory Indian Language Paper, will have to choose either English or Hindi as medium of Interview of Personality Test.


What are the Cut-off Marks for the compulsory language Papers?

The minimum qualifying standards in each of the two Qualifying


Papers i.e. English and Indian Languages is 25%. 

Is the Indian language Paper compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim?

The paper on Indian Language (Paper A) will not be compulsory for

candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya,  Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim

How the final list of the successful candidates is prepared?

The final list is prepared by aggregating the Personality Test marks and mains examination except qualifying papers of English and Indian Languages.